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CHANGES TO VICTORIAN LAWS FROM JANUARY 1:

CHILD RIGHTS:

* Aimed at fixing the historic practice of recording child welfare applications in a similar way to criminal convictions in the Victoria Police database

* Approved education, care and children’s services; and certain libraries, museums, zoos, parks and gardens must report all allegations of suspected criminal conduct to police under the Reportable Conduct Scheme

GAMBLING TAX:

An eight per cent point of consumption tax, payable by wagering service providers on net gambling revenue

FREE TAFE:

The cost of 30 non-apprenticeship and 20 apprenticeship pathway courses to be covered by state government

ANIMALS:

* Lambs and goats born interstate will need electronic ID tags if imported into Victoria

* Pet greyhounds will not have to wear muzzles in public but racing greyhounds still will

ENERGY:

* Under the Energy Retail Code residential customers will get new minimum standards of assistance when facing difficulty paying bills with disconnection a last resort

* New gas products will have to comply with national marks and suppliers will have to sign declarations confirming legal obligations

INNER MELBOURNE CONGESTION LEVY:

* Introduced in 2005 to off-street private and public car parks to discourage driving through the city. A category one area will go up from $1410 a space to $1440 and category two areas from $1000 to $1020

COURT FEES:

* In the Supreme Court, the scale of costs to be paid to legal practitioners and expenses for witnesses and allowances to interpreters will increase

* The scale of costs payable for matters before the Magistrates Court and of costs awarded in arbitration matters will increase

PUBLIC TRANSPORT:

* Most public transport fares will rise by an average of 2.2 per cent in line with the CPI:

Two hour full-fare Zone 1+2 price will increase from $4.30 to $4.40

Daily full-fare Zone 1+2 $8.60 to $8.80

Two hour Concession Zone 1+2 $2.15 to $2.20

Daily Concession Zone 1+2 $4.30 to $4.40

Zone 1+2 full fare 7-day pass: $44.00 up from $43.00 (concession $22.00 up from $21.50)

Zone 1+2 full fare yearly pass: $1,722.50 up from $1,683.50 (concession $861.25 up from $841.75)

CHANGES IN FEBRUARY AND MARCH:

* Owners and affected residents will be able to take action through the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal against short-stay apartment owners and guests for unruly behaviour

* Residential leases longer than five years will be allowed and tenancy protections for those leases will come into effect

* Increased witness cross-examination allowances during committal proceedings, re-trials and trials