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* The partial shutdown affects about 15 per cent of the federal workforce, or about 800,000 federal employees, from the Departments of Homeland Security, Transportation and others.

* About 420,000 people who have been deemed ‘essential’ must work without pay, while 380,000 others will not be able to report for work at all.

* A majority of federal agencies and departments, including the Department of Defense and the Postal Service, are not affected.

* Social Security payments, passport services, Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements, air traffic control systems and veterans’ health care also will not be affected.

* Trump administration officials say anyone working without pay will receive back pay once a deal is reached.

* During past shutdowns the vast majority of national parks were closed to visitors, but the Interior Department is now trying to keep them as accessible as possible during shutdowns despite bare-bones staffing levels.

* The Grand Canyon, Zion, Arches and Bryce Canyon and Zion national parks will stay open thanks to funding from Arizona and Utah. The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island are open due to funding from New York.

* The museums along the National Mall will remain open at least through January 1, but Smithsonian officials said they will re-evaluate the situation if the shutdown continues into the new year.

With Associated Press