Around the world, Exchange Traded Funds (ETF) assets have enjoyed staggering growth. Their value totalled just US$417 billion in 2005 but reached US$4.4 trillion by 30 September 2017 – a cumulative average growth rate (CAGR) of around 21%. EY global research estimates that ETF assets have the potential to hit US$7.6 trillion within three years, which assumes a future growth rate of around 18%.
When it comes to ETF growth, Australia is certainly playing catch up. The value of Australian ETF holdings grew to an all-time high of $36.6 billion (as at January 2018).That’s up from $25 billion in 2016 with market cap growth for the past 12 months of nearly 45%. Today, there are 275 Exchange Traded Products including LICs on the ASX (ETF Watch 2017). International equities are a leading category for inflows.
ETFs versus traditional managed funds.
Because of our compulsory superannuation system, Australia’s managed fund sector is one of the biggest in the world. Perhaps surprisingly, the industry has been slow to innovate, with many funds not available to direct investment by retail investors with small sums to invest, meaning they must use a “Wrap” type platform. This includes an additional layer of fees and sometimes involves completing clumsy paper application forms and providing certified copies of ID as part of the application process.
Redemptions involve more paper forms, and often have significant delays in the request being processed.
Investors’ tolerance for this sort of inefficiency is understandably waning and the efficiency of a single brokerage account allowing buying and selling of funds with a click of a button is appealing. It’s partly because of this convenience that investors are now looking to ETFs, and managed fund providers are beginning to meet this demand by providing their own ETF products.
According to EY1, overall ETFs benefited because they provided index replication at a lower cost. Other trends that have worked in favour of ETFs are the shift to self-directed retirement saving, low yields, regulation, and digital distribution.
With such a rapid adoption of these ETF vehicles, there are some new dynamics worth noting.
Source: Perpetual & ASX Fund Roundtable, November 2017
Millennials are a driver of growth
The composition of ETF investors in Australia differs from the United States, Canada and Europe where institutional investors account for a larger share of investors. These compositional differences are partly a result of ETFs in North America and Europe being originally targeted to institutional investors, while ETFs have had more of a retail focus in the Australian market (Vanguard 2016).
Although investors of all types have embraced the ETF market in recent years, millennials continue to gravitate to the sector. Millennials are attracted by the low cost, simplicity and ease of use of ETFs, as well as their ability to provide tailored exposure to investment themes that matter in their lives. Market figures appear to bear out these trends – in Australia this year, according to CommSec, millennials were responsible for 25% of all ETF trades.
Fixed income ETF
In the last year, in particular, there has been significant innovation in this space with rapid growth in fixed income ETFs. With interest rates at record lows, exchange traded products are giving investors vehicles to gain exposure to income securities that go beyond traditional fixed-rate exposure. The most recent innovation in Australia is the launch of floating-rate bond ETFs. Generally, in 2018, we expect to see further innovation in fixed income ETFs providing direct investors with much-needed access to lower risk, income-producing assets.
Asset allocation also differs by the type of investor: SMSFs tend to hold more domestic equity ETFs, whereas direct investors tend to hold a greater share of international equities. Meanwhile, institutional investors are more exposed to fixed-income ETFs.
Active ETFs are on the rise
The next big trend in the ETF space is the rise of active management. The past year has seen many active ETF launches. These exchange-traded managed funds (ETMFs) give investors more opportunity to diversify their portfolios alongside the passive ETF investments. We expect to see active ETMFs growing in popularity in 2018. Indeed, active ETMFs have the potential to match the growth of passive ETFs.
This growing category of listed fund allows investors to allocate capital toward active managed strategies without the hassle of filling out additional paperwork and with the benefit of knowing the price at which you will be buying or selling units at the time of transaction.
Active ETMFs offer investors all the benefits of ETFs:
– low minimum investment barriers
a cost-effective means of diversifying portfolios using a single product
low minimum investment barriers
a cost-effective means of diversifying portfolios using a single product
access to markets that have traditionally only been available to institutional investors
the same ability to buy and sell as any other listed security
pricing transparency and intra-day pricing versus at the end of day
a single stock holding makes administration and tax reporting easy
Active ETMFs offer investors all these advantages and the specific characteristics of active management:
expert asset allocation and stock selection in line with a defined and codified investment style
a distinct risk-management approach. While ETFs offer wide diversification, they also force investors into assets that may be overvalued or of low quality. Active managers can help investors avoid those assets
the ability to offer funds in areas where active management is perceived to be more effective – for example small caps and global equities.
The fund managers themselves benefit from an open-ended structure, reduced paperwork and the ability for investors to hold the fund alongside their advised products within a platform or in their broker account.
At present, there are 14 actively managed funds listed on the exchange with varying mandates, from those that focus on yield, to small caps, to international equity markets. In 2017, five new actively managed funds came to market and we see this becoming an increasingly common way for fund managers to structure their funds.
More growing markets
Another two sectors accessible via the ASX that have enjoyed stellar growth are Listed Investment Trusts (LITs) and Companies (LICs) and mFunds. As at October 2017, the value of LICs and LITs reached $37 billion with a growth rate of 19%. There are also 187 funds listed on the ASX through MFund with $452m in FUM. Over the past 12 months average, transactions have doubled.
By Glen Dogan, Head of Sales & Relationship Manager, Perpetual Corporate Trust, Perpetual
This information has been prepared by Perpetual Corporate Trust Limited ABN 99 000 341 533 AFSL/ Australian Credit Licence No. 392673 and The Trust Company (RE Services) Limited ABN 45 003 278 831 AFSL 235150. It is general information only and is intended for wholesale clients only. This is not intended to be nor should it be relied upon as a substitute for legal or other professional advice. Perpetual does not guarantee the accuracy or applicability of the information provided. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. April 2018.