NEW YORK CITY, RAW – Wall Street has rallied, with the Dow completing its strongest session in over three months as investors piled back in to energy and other sectors expected to outperform as the economy rebounds from the pandemic.

The small-cap Russell 2000 and the Dow Jones Transports Average, considered a barometer of economic health, both jumped about 2.0 per cent.

The S&P 500 value index, which includes banks, energy and other economically sensitive sectors and has led gains in US equities so far this year, surged 1.9 per cent, outperforming a 0.9 per cent rise in the growth index.

That was a stark reversal from last week, when the Fed’s hawkish signals on monetary policy sparked a round of profit taking that wiped out value stocks’ lead over growth this month and triggered the worst weekly performance for the Dow and the S&P 500 in months.

“The overall theme here is the market still does not know whether it wants easy money or tight money and it’s in a tug of war,” said Randy Frederick, vice president of trading and derivatives at Charles Schwab.

All 11 S&P 500 sector indexes rose, with energy jumping 4.3 per cent and leading the way, followed by financials, up 2.4 per cent.

Microsoft Corp rose 1.2 per cent to close at an all-time high.

The S&P 500 has traded in a tight range this month as investors juggled fears of an overheating economy with optimism about a strong economic rebound.

Focus this week will be on US factory activity surveys and home sales data while Fed Chair Jerome Powell testifies before Congress on Tuesday.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 1.76 per cent to end at 33,876.97 points while the S&P 500 gained 1.40 per cent to 4,224.79 and the Nasdaq Composite climbed 0.79 per cent to 14,141.48.

Cryptocurrency stocks, including miners Riot Blockchain , Marathon Patent Group and crypto exchange Coinbase Global, tumbled between 1.0 per cent and 4.0 per cent on China’s expanding crackdown on bitcoin mining.

Moderna Inc rallied 4.5 per cent after a report said the drug maker is adding two new production lines at a COVID-19 vaccine manufacturing plant in a bid to prepare for making more booster shots.

Market participants are girding for a major trading event on Friday, when the FTSE Russell completes the annual rebalancing of its indexes, potentially affecting trillions of US dollars in investments.

Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 2.86-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.44-to-1 ratio favoured advancers.

The S&P 500 posted 20 new 52-week highs and no new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 74 new highs and 55 new lows.

Volume on US exchanges was 10.1 billion shares, compared with the 11 billion average over the last 20 trading days.