Wall Street’s three major indexes have suffered their biggest daily percentage drop in almost two weeks as a surge in US coronavirus cases intensified fears of another round of government lockdowns and worsening economic damage.
Nasdaq, which had registered its fifth record closing high on Tuesday, snapped an eight-day wining streak, which was its longest since December 2019.
The session marked the biggest percentage decline for all three indexes, including a 2.6 per cent drop for the S&P 500, since June 11 when the S&P fell 5.89 per cent.
The United States has recorded the second-largest rise in infections since the health crisis began, with a flare-up of cases in states where restrictions meant to contain the disease were lifted early.
The governors of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut announced that visitors from states with high coronavirus infection rates must self-quarantine for 14 days on arrival.
“Today was finally the day markets came to terms with the fact that increasing COVID-19 cases could mean a slower recovery in the economy,” said Art Hogan, chief market strategist at National Securities in New York.
The pandemic appeared to be causing wider and deeper damage to economic activity than first thought.
The IMF said it now expects global output to shrink by 4.9 per cent, compared with a 3.0 per cent contraction predicted in April.
Advanced economies have been particularly hard hit, with US output now expected to shrink 8.0 per cent, more than two percentage points worse than the April forecast.
Shares of US airlines, resorts and cruise operators slumped as travel was hit hard by lockdowns.
Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd, Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd and Wynn Resorts all tumbled along with the NYSE Arca Airline index.
Cruise operator Carnival Corp fell 11 per cent as it also faced a Standard & Poor’s credit rating downgrade for its bonds to junk status.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 710.16 points, or 2.72 per cent, to 25,445.94, the S&P 500 lost 80.96 points, or 2.59 per cent, to 3,050.33 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 222.20 points, or 2.19 per cent, to 9,909.17.
The S&P 500 finished the session about 10 per cent under its February 19 closing record high while the Dow Jones Industrials was about 14 per cent from its February 12 record close.
Wall Street’s fear gauge, the CBOE volatility index, closed 2.47 points higher at 33.84.
Before Wednesday’s sell-off, a slate of better-than-feared economic reports, easing lockdowns and massive stimulus measures had powered the Nasdaq to an all-time high and put the benchmark S&P 500 on track for its best quarterly performance since 1998.
“The market seemed pretty confident we were going to be in much better shape in 4-6 months from now. With the resurgence of cases, they’re starting to discount that,” said Shawn Cruz, senior manager for trader strategy at TD Ameritrade in Jersey City, New Jersey.
The biggest decliner among the 11 major S&P sub-sectors was energy, down 5.5 per cent, as crude prices slumped on news of record storage and concerns about demand.
Utilities, down 0.9 per cent, showed the smallest percentage decline as it is seen as a defensive sector with predictable revenue.
Dell Technologies Inc shares jumped 8.3 per cent after a report said the company was considering spinning off its roughly $US50 billion ($A73 billion) stake in cloud computing software maker VMware Inc.
VMware rose 2.3 per cent.
Declining issues outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by a 6.84-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 4.58-to-1 ratio favoured decliners.
The S&P 500 posted 1 new 52-week highs and no new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 44 new highs and 11 new lows.
On US exchanges 13.35 billion shares changed hands compared with the 13.31 billion average for the last 20 sessions.