After the sheer amount of ink that has been spilt in the past few months, we get the answers to a number of macro debates this week. All the speculation around whether the Fed will cut by 25bp, 50bp, or, given the domestic data of late, not at all, comes to light. We get the chance to marry speculation with fact. In fact, we don’t just get answers towards Fed policy, but event risk comes at us hard this week from many geographies, so it’s a case of keeping your friends close and your stops closer.

US event risk

• Core PCE inflation (Tuesday 22:30aest) – expected to rise 10bp to 1.7%.

• FOMC meeting (Thursday 4 am) follow by Powell’s press conference (04:030aest) – a 25bp cut is fully priced, with a 17% implied probability of 50bp.

• ISM manufacturing (2 am Friday). Expected to improve to 52 on the index

• US non-farm payrolls (22:30aest Friday) – Consensus eyeing 169,000 jobs created in July (224,000 in June), with the unemployment rate to remain at 3.7%. Average hourly earnings expected at 3.1%.

It’s all about the Fed meeting though, and the base-case is they cut 25bp and offer a view they will keep the economic expansion going. With 2.6 hikes priced in through 2019, when they do cut this week the outlook needs to install a firm belief they will go again, or we will see a decent sell-off in rates and Treasuries, and the USDX will move into the top of its multi-month range of 98.0. A move in EURUSD through 1.1100 would look very interesting, and this will no doubt bring out a tweetstorm from Trump, who has seemingly taken it upon himself to defend 1.1100.










Will we see a buy the rumour, sell the fact play out?

The key question for equity traders is whether we get a classic buy the rumour, sell the fact scenario playing out. The key to that will be how US Treasury’s 2s and 5s trade, where if we see higher bond yields, equities should trade lower (and vice versa), and we can see in the Dow that price is consolidating here, and needs to be inspired to push through 27,400. The bears will want to see a break of 27,030 to confirm that the sell on fact is play out, and that would go some way to highlight disappointment.










I expect gold to be well traded, with the yellow metal tracking the fortunes of the US bond market, especially ‘real’ (or inflation-adjusted) yields.

Obviously, if we don’t see a cut, then the USD will spike higher, and equities will get taken to the woodshed. The market will take the Fed to town, as will Trump…

US Q2 corporate earnings

We’ve seen 44% of US corporate report numbers so far, with 77.5% beating on earnings, by an average of 5.3%, with 59% beating on the sales line. Aggregate EPS has grown 4.25% so far, so it’s not been a terrible earnings season, but it’s the macro that dominates this week and how the market responds to the Fed’s outlook. I’ve included a list of the names I would expect to get attention from clients, but its Apple should get the lion’s share of attention.









Consider Apple have beaten EPS and sales in their last eight consecutive quarters, with shares rallying (on average) by 3.38% on the day of release. The implied move on the day of earnings sits at 3.9%, so traders are expecting the stock to have some volatility.


I was surprised at the disappointment to last week’s ECB meeting, but it seems the lack of urgency to ease at the July meeting was the key consideration here. What I heard re-enforces the view the bank will cut again on 12 September, a fate the market ascribes a 78% probability. We also feel the ECB will announce a framework for renewed asset purchases (QE). My short EURAUD trade was hurt in the process, and I take that off the table for a loss. That said, I would be looking this week at EURJPY downside, which works as a hedge against central bank disappointment this week and tactically running EUR shorts through August seems logical.

On the docket this week we get EZ economic sentiment, German retail sales and unemployment and EZ GDP and CPI.

UK event risk

It’s all about Brexit in the UK now, with the prospect of a general election in late Q4/early Q1 rising by the day. Certainly, Boris Johnson would welcome the Tories rise seen in the weekend polls, and that he is winning over Brexit Party support. Much has been made of his pro-Brexit cabinet, including the appointment of Dominic Cummings, the Campaign Director for the ‘Vote Leave’ campaign, who has been tasked, by Johnson, to deliver Brexit “by any means” and it is a powerful statement to the EU.

As we can see below, GBP implied vols are on the rise, as traders see the possibility of bigger moves in price, so please do consider that when considering position sizing. If I were to hold GBP exposure, it would be in a smaller size than say AUDUSD.

• BoE meeting (Thursday 9pm aest)

Thursday’s BoE meeting is about setting the scene and how they may deal with the economic fallout of a no-deal Brexit. The market ascribes a 1.7% chance of a cut at this week’s meeting, but it’s about the outlook and whether the bank layout a cut this year. Expect dovish commentary, which should keep the pressure on the GBP, although if I look at the set-up on GBPUSD, there are some optimistic signs, with bullish divergence and a wedge pattern on the daily.











After governor Lowe suggested the bank are open at another cut this year, the market has brought forward its assumptions for further easing, with the implied probability of a cut in September priced at 54%, and November at 80%. Of course, the ASX200 likes this backdrop and is eyeing a break of the 6851 all-time high, with investors gearing up for our own earnings season.










Should the market be disappointed by the Fed, then we should also see the AUDUSD re-test the recent lows around 0.6864. We can see 1-week implied volatility in AUDUSD is in the 38 percentile, and the implied weekly move of 61-pips takes the price to 0.6851, which marries nicely with the lower Bollinger band, so I’d expect some support to kick in here. Aside from the global factors, keep an eye on:

• Aus Q2 CPI (due Wednesday 11:30aest). The market expects headline CPI to push up 20bp to 1.5%, while core CPI is expected to ease to 1.5% (from 1.6%). The market will be more sensitive to weak inflation numbers than stronger, even if the market is already short AUDs.


• July manufacturing PMI (Wednesday at 11:00aest) – Consensus sits at 49.6, up from 49.4 in June

• Non-manufacturing PMI (also Wed) – 54.0 from 54.2

• Caixin manufacturing PMI (Thursday 11:45aest) – 49.6 from 49.4

Implied volatility









Implied volatility is, as the name entails, forward-looking and a view of trader’s perceived future movement in an instruments price over a pre-defined period. So, rather than looking at what has happened and what is effectively fact, we can assess how the market interprets the known event risk in the period ahead and how it will affect the price and to what extent it will likely move. That can be incredibly powerful for assessing how much risk to take in each position, and subsequently, our position size.

It is important to understand that we should only use the implied move as a statistical guide, and one should still look at key technical levels to work a stop loss. As at its core, the bigger the implied move, the wider the suggested stop loss and the smaller the position size. And vice versa.

With all the event risk in play, I have looked at the expected moves in the major currency pairs, based on straddle and strangle pricing. I will be sending a link to a webinar I plan to do on 10 August, if you’re interested in using this framework feel free to sign up.

Published by Chris Weston, Head of Research, Pepperstone