Oil prices fell about 1 per cent overnight as Middle East tensions eased and investors turned their focus to lackluster seasonal demand following last week’s bearish US report showing a large fuel stockbuilds.
Brent crude settled down 78 US cents at $US64.20 per barrel. West Texas Intermediate crude settled at $US58.08 a barrel, down 96 US cents.
Thin US refinery margins for petroleum products have sapped crude prices, particularly as winter demand for heating oil has disappointed suppliers and gasoline margins have weakened, analysts said.
“It’s hard for crude oil to go higher if refiners continue to lose money or at best break even on gasoline,” said Tom Kloza, global head of energy analysis at the Oil Price Information Service.
US gasoline stocks rose by the most in one week in four years, surging by 9.1 million barrels in the week to January 3, the US Energy Information Administration reported last week. Total motor gasoline inventories were about 5 per cent above the five-year average for this time of year, it said.
Distillate stockpiles, which include diesel and heating oil, rose by 5.3 million barrels in the week, versus expectations for a 3.9 million-barrel rise, the data showed.
On Monday, the US heating oil crack spread, a measure of the profit margin for refining crude into diesel or heating oil, fell to $US21.56, the weakest in almost five months.
“Heating oil has been the worst performer in the middle of winter, when it’s supposed to be the best. The heating oil crack is just getting killed,” said Robert Yawger, director of energy futures at Mizuho in New York, adding lackluster demand for the product has weighed on crude prices.
US crude inventories were expected to have fallen last week, while gasoline stocks were set to gain for the tenth straight week, a preliminary Reuters poll showed on Monday.
Four analysts polled by Reuters estimated, on average, that crude stocks declined by about 800,000 barrels in the week to January 10. Gasoline stocks likely rose by 4 million barrels, according to the estimates.
Oil prices surged to their highest in almost four months after a US drone strike killed an Iranian commander on January 3 and Iran retaliated with missiles launched against US bases in Iraq. But they have slumped again as Washington and Tehran retreated from the brink of direct conflict last week.
Global benchmark Brent touched $US71.75 per barrel last week before ending on Friday below $US65.
With tensions between the United States and Iran cooling, investors have had time to focus on fundamental demand issues, said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital LLC in New York.
“The market continues to get a sense of relative oversupply, and this winter has been a bust in the Northern Hemisphere. There’s been an abject lack of heating oil demand,” Kilduff said.
A US-China trade deal is due to be signed in Washington on Wednesday. The Trump administration has invited at least 200 people to a ceremony for the signing, but the two nations have not yet finalised details of what will be signed, White House officials said on Friday.
“We suspect that agreement is already largely discounted in the price level, and is unlikely to provide a strong boost to oil prices,” global oil strategist at BNP Paribas in London Harry Tchilinguirian told the Reuters Global Oil Forum.