LONDON, RAW – Global shares have risen for a ninth day running, just off record highs, as investors digested recent gains, while bulls were sustained by the promise of more free money after a benign US inflation report and a dovish Federal Reserve outlook.

European stocks opened higher, with the STOXX 600 and London’s FTSE 100 up 0.3 per cent. That followed a subdued Asian session as markets in China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan were closed for holidays.

MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan added 0.1 per cent, having already climbed for four sessions to gain more than 10 per cent so far this year.

Investors were also reflecting on the first phone call between US President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, where Biden said a free and open Indo-Pacific was a priority and Xi warning confrontation would be a “disaster” for both nations.

With Chinese markets closed, there was little reaction to news the Biden administration will look at adding “new targeted restrictions” on certain sensitive technology exports to China and would maintain tariffs for now.

Futures for the S&P 500 were 0.2 per cent higher, having hit historic highs on Wednesday.

The MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in 49 countries, was 0.1 per cent higher. That was not far from peaks reached the day before and just sustaining a nine-day streak of gains, a first since October 2017.

“The story really is still US equities first and foremost,” said James Athey, investment director at Aberdeen Standard Investments. “Earnings season has been especially strong in the US, the fiscal stimulus coming from the Biden administration is getting bigger in the market’s mind and most of the big winners from the pandemic are US listed.

“Only the Fed can rock the boat and with yesterday’s disappointing inflation print that prospect has just slipped even further into the future.”

The outlook for more global stimulus got a major boost overnight from a surprisingly soft reading on core US inflation, which eased to 1.4 per cent in January.

Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said he wanted to see inflation reach 2 per cent or more before even thinking of tapering the bank’s super-easy policies.

Notably, Powell emphasised that once pandemic effects were stripped out, unemployment was nearer 10 per cent than the reported 6.3 per cent and thus a long way from full employment.

As a result, Powell called for a “society-wide commitment” to reducing unemployment, which analysts saw as strong support for President Joe Biden $US1.9 trillion stimulus package.

Westpac economist Elliot Clarke estimated over $5 trillion in cumulative stimulus, worth 23 per cent of GDP, would be required to repair the damage done by the pandemic.

“Financial conditions are expected to remain highly supportive of the US economy and global financial markets in 2021, and likely through 2022,” he said.

The mix of bottomless Fed funds and a tame inflation report encouraged bond markets, leaving 10-year yields at 1.14 per cent, down from a 1.20 per cent high early in the week.

Italian bond yields remained near recent lows before a long-term bond auction and as Mario Draghi was expected to present his new government coalition in the next few days. Italy’s 10-year BTP, or government bond, yield was down one basis point down at 0.490 per cent, near its lowest since early January.

After the US inflation report and the Fed’s Powell reiterating that rates could stay lower for longer, the US dollar slipped before steadying during European trading. The dollar index was flat at 90.438, away from a 10-week top of 91.600 touched late last week.

Gold was up 0.1 per cent at $US1,845.26 per ounce, as investors drove platinum to a six-year peak on bets of more demand from car makers.

Oil prices dipped, having enjoyed the longest winning streak in two years amid producer supply cuts and hopes vaccine rollouts will drive a recovery in demand.

Brent crude futures eased back 39 cents to $US61.07. US crude dipped 36 cents to $US58.31 a barrel.