Wide-ranging recommendations on how to improve aged care in Australia will be heard during the final two-day sitting of a royal commission examining the sector.

Counsel assisting the inquiry will from Thursday present their recommendations to the commissioners for consideration.

An interim report released by the commission in October last year found aged care fails to meet the needs of elderly people and a fundamental overhaul of the system is needed.

It said a final report, due to be delivered by February 26, 2021, would call for comprehensive reform of the sector, with a renewed focus on compassion and kindness.

The commission has since heard that the sector regulator lacks sufficient power and is understaffed and under-resourced.

A special separate hearing into the sector’s COVID-19 preparedness heard the pandemic exposed serious flaws and the federal government failed to create a specific aged plan early in the year.

The Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality and Safety made several urgent recommendations, including an immediate funding increase to ensure residents can be visited by friends and families.

Recommendations in the interim report included providing more home care packages and stopping the flow of young people into aged care.

Parties will be given until November 12 to respond to submissions made by counsel assisting.

About three-quarters of people living in Australian aged care facilities say their needs aren’t always met, a survey released by the commission on Wednesday revealed.

Low staffing levels, unanswered calls for help, high staff turnover and poor training for workers worried many facility residents, according to the report by the National Ageing Research Institute.